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A Welcome Message from the AAfPE Board of Directors

Welcome to the American Association for Paralegal Education (AAfPE), the premier resource and advocate for paralegal education and paralegal educators in the United States. Founded with the vision of promoting high standards for paralegal education and providing a vibrant community for educators, students, and professionals, AAfPE is dedicated to the advancement and continuous improvement of paralegal education and practice.

Our association is built on the cornerstone of collaboration, innovation, and shared knowledge. We believe in empowering our members through comprehensive resources, cutting-edge research, and opportunities for professional development. At AAfPE, we are committed to fostering an environment that supports the growth and development of paralegal programs nationwide, ensuring that they meet the dynamic needs of the legal community.

Through our efforts, we strive to enhance the role of paralegals in the legal profession, advocating for the importance of formal education and training in cultivating skilled and ethical professionals. Our members, comprising educators from accredited institutions, legal professionals, and institutions dedicated to paralegal education, work collectively to uphold the integrity of the paralegal profession and contribute to the effective administration of justice.

Join us at AAfPE as we continue to shape the future of paralegal education, creating opportunities for academic achievement, professional growth, and the advancement of the legal profession. Together, we are setting the standard for excellence in paralegal education.

AAfPE's History

Established in 1981, AAfPE’s roots go back to the mid 1970s when the American Bar Association sponsored the first conferences for paralegal educators. While much has been accomplished in the field of paralegal education from this beginning, there is still much more to be done to fully develop the potential for both the paralegal field and education for the profession.

Mission Statement

Recognizing the need to increase and improve access to the legal system, the AAfPE promotes quality paralegal education, develops educational standards and encourages professional growth, in order to prepare graduates to perform a significant role in the delivery of legal services. - June 9, 2001

The goals that AAfPE strives to accomplish:

  • Promote high standards for paralegal education

  • Provide a forum for professional improvement for paralegal educators

  • Plan, promote and hold annual conferences and seminars

  • Provide technical assistance and consultation services to institutions, educators and employers

  • Promote research and disseminate information on the paralegal profession

  • Cooperate with the American Bar Association and other institutions and professional associations in developing an approval process for paralegal education programs

  • Promote the goals of the Association through cooperation with other national, regional and local groups and organizations interested in paralegal education

These goals are consistently met through the action of AAfPE's members and the organization’s Board of Directors.

Establishing standards by which to measure paralegal education has been one of the central focus points of AAfPE. The Association recognizes the diverse nature of paralegal education and has developed a set of core competencies to complement this diversity. AAfPE also recognizes that a common core of legal knowledge must be coupled with critical thinking, as well as organizational, communication, and interpersonal skills in order for one to be a successful paralegal. Further, paralegal programs should provide an integrated set of core courses that develop these competencies. The development of Model Syllabi in courses typically taught in paralegal programs is an on-going project as well as the creation of Model Employer and Graduate Surveys. Through AAfPE's continued emphasis on high standards, rather than standardization, to shape paralegal education, excellent programs are available throughout the country that offer the diversity necessary to meet the specific needs of the legal community serviced by each program.

AAfPE has an impressive history. More important than what it has done, however, is what it is doing currently in this rapidly changing paralegal profession. AAfPE membership includes some of the most respected educators and leaders in the field of paralegal education. As such, AAfPE is the recognized source for standards in paralegal education and the continuing development of quality teaching.

AAfPE Strategic Plan

Ratified in April 2023, this report represents the review, discussion, and compilation of strategic goals and objectives for the 2023 Strategic Plan (SP) for AAfPE conducted in October 2022 by Dave Wenhold, CAE, PLC of the Kautter Wenhold Management Group (KWMG). The strategic plan resulted from the AAfPE Board of Directors’ review of short-term goals and objectives and association-specific strategic planning articles as well as identifying activities that remain relevant for the upcoming one to two years. Additionally, new strategic priorities were identified through information gathered during the in-person planning session in Orlando:

  • Conduct a member needs assessment to better understand the members' wants, needs, and expectations from AAfPE.

  • Review the AAfPE mission statement and Board structure to ensure alignment with member feedback. 

  • Create a forward-thinking communications plan that highlights member benefits and the collective knowledge/information-sharing resources which will provide key, pertinent, and timely information to members. 

The 2023 strategic plan is meant to be a living and dynamic document that serves as a guide for the organization and volunteer leaders in providing targeted benefits for the membership of the organization. The plan’s actionable items better position AAfPE to continue to provide superior membership value through enhanced member communications, education, and organizational efficiencies. 

Position Statements
AAfPE Statement on the Sunsetting of Washington LLLT Program

The American Association for Paralegal and Legal Education (AAfPE), the nation’s largest and oldest organization dedicated to paralegal and legal studies education, opposes the sunsetting of the LLLT program in Washington state . The LLLT program addressed the gap in access to justice, a great and growing problem in the US. Further, the program by design had excessive barriers to entry that a team of experts in paralegal and legal studies educators can fix. Finally, the state used inappropriate means to measure the program’s success.

The gap in access to justice is a universally recognized crisis:

  • Eighty-six percent of the civil legal problems faced by low-income Americans in a given year receive inadequate or no legal help ...;

  • Of the estimated 1.7 million civil legal problems for which low-income Americans seek legal services corporation (LSC)-funded legal aid, 1.0 to 1.2 million (62% to 72%) receive inadequate or no legal assistance ...

  • In 2017, low-income Americans will likely not get their legal needs fully met for between 907,000 and 1.2 million civil legal problems that they bring to LSC-funded legal aid programs, due to limited resources among LSC grantees. This represents the vast majority (85% to 97%) of all of the problems receiving limited or no legal assistance from LSC grantees ...

The US Department of Justice’s Office for Access to Justice has recommended “new statutory, policy, and practice changes that support development of quality indigent defense and civil legal aid delivery systems at the state and federal level; less lawyer-intensive and court-intensive solutions to legal problems; and expand[ing] research on innovative strategies to close the gap between the need for, and the availability of, quality legal assistance.” [2]

The current global crisis magnifies the need for access to justice. Since the Washington bar announced they would sunset the LLLT programs, at least 1.5 million Washingtonians have filed for unemployment due to the pandemic. Washington state allocated $3-million to legal aid to help with the crisis.[3]  This kind of financial support for the LLLT program could provide a long term solution rather than a stopgap fix.

Throughout the world paralegals and other nonlawyers independently administer legal services with much success. The LLLT program and others like it can build upon these models. For these programs to be successful, however, states must design and administer them right.

Including AAfPE members in the teams that design and administer these programs would bring expertise and experience to the process. AAfPE educators have been designing and administering high quality legal education that buttresses our legal system and increases access to justice at every level for over 40 years. The rigorous legal education AAfPE institutions provide ensures that legal service providers have the knowledge, skills, and abilities to serve their constituents. In concert with state bars, paralegal educators can create roadmaps rather than roadblocks to developing qualified practitioners.

In its decision to sunset the program, the Washington high court cited the costs of the program.

Yet, Washington state developed the LLLT program in 2012 to provide access to justice for its citizens – many of whom couldn’t afford even the most basic legal services – and to protect them from unscrupulous unlicensed providers who would take advantage of them. Cost should not be the primary measure of efficacy, then.

The most effective way to assess the cost of a program like this is by money saved and justice served, not by money spent. Programs that aim to increase access to justice may cost money, but the lack of justice costs more. The ABA notes:

The justice gap not only most affects those living in poverty but also perpetuates poverty. It also comes at great cost to government: Preventing eviction, for instance, is less expensive for governments than providing emergency housing or covering the higher costs associated with homelessness. In particular, providing attorneys for litigants in cases involving housing, health care, and domestic violence saves governments money and creates both social and economic benefits.

In New York state, every dollar spent on civil legal aid creates $10 in benefits for the recipients of the assistance, their communities, and the state combined. Likewise, North Carolina aid providers found that each dollar the state spends on legal aid yields $10 in economic benefits. Montana and Pennsylvania have each seen a return on investment of $11 per dollar spent on legal aid.[4]

The challenge of bridging the access to justice gap is great. The dangers of failing to face this challenge, however, are greater. AAfPE is here to provide expertise in designing educational programs for nonlawyers who can rise to the challenge.

AAfPE’s goal is to teach paralegals and other legal professionals to serve the cause of justice. We look forward to working toward that goal together.

AAfPE Comment to the ABA Task Force on the Future of Legal Education

As directed by the membership during the 2013 Annual Business Meeting, the board drafted, approved, and disseminated a comment reflecting AAfPE's position on the education and training of paralegals as non-awyer legal service providers and limited licensed legal technicians.

AAfPE Core Competencies for Paralegal Programs

In order to be a successful paralegal, an individual should possess not only a common core of legal knowledge, but also must have acquired vital critical thinking, organizational, research, writing, oral communication, and interpersonal skills. All paralegal education programs, regardless of the specialty areas they choose to emphasize, should provide an integrated set of core courses that develop the following competencies.

AAfPE Statement on Diversity and Inclusion

AAfPE respects and values the unique attributes, characteristics and perspectives of all persons.  We believe that our strength lies in the diversity among our talented members. We consider diversity and inclusion essential to our ability to effectively accomplish our mission.  Therefore, it is our aim that our members, partners, and key stakeholders reflect and embrace these core values.

Diversity embodies all those differences that make people unique and includes people of different race, ethnicities, culture, sexual orientation, gender, religion, age, personal style, appearance, and physical ability, as well as people of diverse opinions, perspectives, lifestyles, ideas, and thinking.

Inclusion fosters full participation and helps our organization leverage the diversity of our members, engaging them and encouraging collaboration.  AAfPE promotes the open exchange of ideas and an organization that is free of cultural barriers.

AAfPE recognizes that organizations work best when people with different backgrounds and viewpoints are willing to work together toward a common goal.  Therefore, AAfPE is committed to providing an environment of fairness and equitable treatment of everyone, regardless of gender, race, religion, creed, age, sexual orientation, national origin, disability, or class.

AAfPE will strive to effectively serve its members from all backgrounds, to encourage the professional growth of all members, and to embrace the diversity of our membership. To that end, AAfPE will continue to identify, and look for ways to reduce or eliminate, barriers to under-represented groups and will continue to look for ways to expand access to leadership opportunities within the organization in an effort to further strengthen our diversity. AAfPE, by and through its Officers, Directors, and Committee leaders, will encourage full and equal participation by qualified members of under-represented groups at all levels of the organization.

AAfPE Statement on Academic Quality

AAfPE, established in 1981, is an organization dedicated to promoting high standards for paralegal education. Educational institutions that are voting members of AAfPE have adopted this Statement of Academic Quality. 


Paralegal education is a unique academic curriculum, composed of both substantive legal knowledge and professional skills that incorporates legal theory with an understanding of practical applications. This intellectually demanding course of study is derived from the responsibilities of paralegals as legal professionals.  It is the philosophy of this organization that a person is qualified as a paralegal with (1) an associate or baccalaureate degree or equivalent course work; and (2) a credential in paralegal education completed in any of the following types of educational programs: associate degree, baccalaureate degree (major, minor or concentration), certificate, or master’s degree. AAfPE recognizes these essential components of quality paralegal education programs:

Curriculum Development

Quality paralegal education programs monitor the responsibilities and competencies expected by employers on an on-going basis. They regularly incorporate this information into a well-designed curriculum with a logical sequence of courses that emphasize interactive learning (student-to-student and faculty-to-student) and assignments that teach practical job-related paralegal skills in conjunction with underlying theory.


Quality paralegal education programs have a physical learning environment that provides: (1) access to legal research library facilities that include computer-based resources; (2) classrooms that provide opportunities for interaction among students and between students and the instructor and include the necessary equipment and technology to facilitate learning; (3) a convenient physical location for administration/support staff and the provision of student services; and (4) accessibility pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requirements.


The faculty of quality paralegal education programs consists of legal professionals and, where appropriate, other similarly qualified persons in good standing in their profession who (1) possess expertise and experience in their subject area; (2) have background working as or with paralegals; (3) can demonstrate teaching ability; (4) hold a graduate degree or possess exceptional expertise in the legal subject to be taught; and (5) are committed to the role of paralegals in the delivery of legal services. Evaluation is conducted on a frequent and regular basis to ensure that quality instruction is maintained and enhanced. Quality programs strive to achieve diversity in the composition of faculty. 

Marketing and Promotion

Quality paralegal education programs advertise in an ethical manner and in full compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. All representations in the following areas are factual as well as current and can be substantiated: (1) the job market, employment opportunity, compensation, and placement; (2) the knowledge and skills necessary to meet entry-level paralegal job qualifications; and (3) the transferability of course work to other educational institutions. Quality programs strive to achieve diversity in the composition of their student body.

Paralegal Instruction

Quality paralegal education programs maintain standards of excellence and include, either as separate classes or with the overall course of study, the following topics: ethics, substantive and procedural law, the American legal system, delivery of legal services, law offices and related environments, the paralegal profession, legal research and writing, law-related computer skills, legal interviewing and investigation, and areas of legal practice such as those described in AAfPE’s Core Competencies for Paralegal Programs; and offers an experiential learning component, such as an internship, practicum or clinical experience.

Program Director

Quality paralegal education programs provide adequate release time, funding for professional development opportunities, and administrative support for the program director to develop, monitor, and accomplish the goals and objectives of the program, as well as assess the program’s effectiveness in achieving these goals and objectives. The director is primarily responsible for the paralegal program. A program director is a legal professional or other similarly-qualified person appropriately credentialed and in good standing in his or her profession, with knowledge, involvement and understanding of the paralegal profession and paralegal education. 

Related Competencies

Quality paralegal education programs assist their students in acquiring these essential related competencies, primarily in general education: (1) critical thinking skills (analysis, judgment, research, and problem-solving); (2) communication skills (oral, written, non-verbal, and interpersonal); (3) computer skills; (4) computational skills; (5) understanding of ethics; and (6) organizational skills. Graduates also possess a basic understanding of American history, business, and political systems. 

Student Services

Quality paralegal education programs offer student services that include (1) academic counseling, (2) career information and placement assistance, and (3) information and/or opportunities for participation in such activities as honor societies, pro bono activities, professional and paralegal associations, and continuing legal education.


Paralegal Definition
Paralegals perform substantive and procedural legal work as authorized by law, which work, in the absence of the paralegal, would be performed by an attorney. Paralegals have knowledge of the law gained through education, or education and work experience, which qualifies them to perform legal work. Paralegals adhere to recognized ethical standards and rules of professional responsibility.

AAfPE Policy Statement Regarding Short-term Programs

AAfPE's membership includes hundreds of universities, colleges, and other institutions of higher learning throughout the United States and in Canada. Since 1981, AAfPE's member schools have trained thousands of paralegal students each year to help increase, improve, and support access to the legal system in their communities.

AAfPE Educational Standards for Paralegal Regulation Proposals

AAfPE's membership includes hundreds of universities, colleges, and other institutions of higher learning throughout the United States and in Canada.  Since 1981, AAfPE's member schools have trained thousands of paralegal students each year to help increase, improve, and support access to the legal system in their communities. AAfPE acts as the national resource for paralegal education and has set minimum recommended educational standards for paralegal education programs to become institutional members. AAfPE believes that the paralegal profession requires training of sufficient length, sophistication, intensity, and quality to produce a functional entry-level paralegal.

Certain educational components should be required in any paralegal regulatory plan. AAfPE recommends that state legislatures, courts, and/or bar associations considering paralegal regulation should adopt or include the AAfPE educational minimum standards described below:

Formal Paralegal Education

It is the position of AAfPE that some form of formal paralegal education should be present as a meaningful requirement in any paralegal regulation plan. This formal paralegal education should be offered through a program specifically designed to provide paralegal education.

Minimum Length of Study

A person is qualified as a paralegal with (1) an associate or baccalaureate degree or equivalent course work and (2) a credential in paralegal education from a paralegal program associated with an educational institution accredited by a nationally recognized agency completed in any of the following types of educational programs: associate degree, baccalaureate degree (major or minor), certificate, or master’s degree.

A paralegal’s education shall include, either as separate courses or within the overall course of study, coursework in substantive and procedural law, the American legal system, law offices and related environments, the paralegal profession, legal research and writing, ethics, and areas of legal practice such as those described in AAfPE’s Core Competencies for Paralegal Programs.

The paralegal’s credential shall include no fewer than 18 semester credit hours of substantive paralegal classes and shall be from a paralegal education program that, at the time the paralegal credential is granted, is:

  1. An institutional member of the American Association for Paralegal Education; or

  2. A paralegal educational program approved by the American Bar Association; or

  3. A paralegal education program at the post-secondary (college) level that requires the student to have completed a minimum of sixty (60) semester hours (or the equivalent) of total study prior to graduation. A semester hour is equivalent to 15 classroom hours of at least 50 minutes in duration. The course offerings may be for credit or not for credit, but they should meet these minimum time periods.

Other Educational Institution Requirements

The educational institution should be accredited by a nationally-recognized accrediting agency. Additionally, the institution should meet the educational standards described in the AAfPE Statement of Academic Quality.

Minimum Educational Requirements Are Essential in Any Paralegal Regulation Plan

Paralegal education is a unique academic curriculum, composed of both substantive legal knowledge and professional skills, which incorporates legal theory with practical application. Any proposal for regulation of paralegals should contain provisions incorporating the level of paralegal education necessary to enable graduates to meet the responsibilities of paralegals as legal professionals.

In recent years there has been a proliferation of short-term entry-level paralegal training programs of very limited duration, some with as few as 125 clock hours (which is less than nine semester credit hours). These programs do a fundamental disservice to the legal profession by creating unrealistic expectations in both employers and students that a quality paralegal education has been delivered, when such is not the case. State regulatory bodies are urged to adopt the educational minimums defined in this document as a requisite element of any paralegal regulation plan.

For further information on the American Association for Paralegal Education, please contact, or call our national headquarters at (407) 774-7880 .

The AAfPE Board of Directors adopted this Position Statement on February 24, 2001, at San Antonio, Texas

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